Genesis 39: 6a-18Now Joseph was handsome and good-looking. And after a time his master’s wife cast her eyes on Joseph and said, ‘Lie with me’. But he refused and said to his master’s wife, ‘Look, with me here, my master has no concern about anything in the house, and he has put everything that he has in my hand. He is not greater in this house than I am, nor has be kept back anything from me except yourself, because you are his wife. How then could I do this great wickedness, and sin against God? And although she spoke to Joseph day after day, he would not consent to lie beside her or to be with her. One day, however, when he went into the house to do his work, and while no one else was in the house, she caught hold of his garment, saying, ‘Lie with me!’ But he left his garment in her hand, and fled and ran outside. When she saw that he had left his garment in her hand and had fled outside, she called out to the members of her household and said to them, ‘See, my husband has brought among us a Hebrew to insult us! He came in to lie with me, and I cried out with a loud voice; and when he heard me raise my voice and cry out, he left his garment beside me, and fled outside.’ Then she kept his garment by her until his master came home, and she told him the same story, saying, ‘The Hebrew servant, whom you have brought among us, came in to me to insult me; but as soon as I raised my voice and cried out, he left his garment beside me and fled outside’ Reflection Oh, what a tangled web we weave… Actually, this web wasn’t as tangled as it could have been. Potiphar’s wife fancied Joseph. Potiphar, himself, seems to have been so occupied with affairs of state that he neglected those closest to him, or those who should have been closest to him. Still happens.
“Heav'n has no Rage, like Love to Hatred turn'd, Nor Hell a Fury, like a Woman scorn'd”, the men among us say smugly. No doubt, female readers of this reflection will have their own (sardonic?) ideas on this particular couplet, and no doubt also their own formative experiences.
Power and sex are powerful forces, as we have seen in recent years, and powerful means of exploitation. In this instance, both were in the hands of one person, who was unscrupulous about their use in achieving her ends. Joseph’s was the stance of integrity, but an integrity that did not carry the presumption of innocence. He was clay in her hands.
Things did not go as badly for Joseph as they might have done. He came through and prospered, ending up in a very high position indeed, under Pharaoh.
But do we sometimes pay too high a price for our worldly success? Are those closest to us paying too high an emotional price? What effect do our ambitions, wishes, aspirations have on them and their lives?
And does our own personal integrity bear as close a scrutiny as Joseph’s does, at least in this instance?
Personal integrity and a properly grounded and inspired (yes, those attributes can exist simultaneously) sense of priorities have to play their part in our faith journeys. And at the time of writing of this reflection, maybe it’s not too late to include them specifically as latecomers to my own resolutions for 2018!
PrayerO loving yet all-seeing Father,
Grant us the power and privilege
Too see ourselves as others do,
To hear ourselves as others do,
And to imagine ourselves into the perspectives of others on us.
And grant us the resolution
To make such necessary changes in ourselves
As will commend ourselves to others,
As people who may be trusted without reserve,
Not to exploit or betray, or use those we meet for our own ends,
But rather to live for those others, close to us and further away,
And make a good witness to the Gospel of your Son.
Genesis 39: 1-6Now Joseph was taken down to Egypt, and Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, the captain of the guard, an Egyptian, bought him from the Ishmaelites who had brought him down there. The Lord was with Joseph, and he became a successful man; he was in the house of his Egyptian master. His master saw that the Lord was with him, and that the Lord caused all that he did to prosper in his hands. So Joseph found favour in his sight and attended him; he made him overseer of his house and put him in charge of all that he had. From the time that he made him overseer in his house and over all that he had, the Lord blessed the Egyptian’s house for Joseph’s sake; the blessing of the Lord was on all that he had, in house and field. So he left all that he had in Joseph’s charge; and, with him there, he had no concern for anything but the food that he ate. Reflection The closest I have come to staying in the house of the Captain of the Royal Guard was staying at the bottom end of Windsor Castle, across the courtyard from the homes of the Military Knights of Windsor and with Guardsmen on sentry duty marching to and fro. I was there with Philip, the youngest Admiral in the Royal Navy. Educated at Mansfield College, his background was more orthodox than Joseph’s. We were both part of a group who were deemed “successful” and invited to consider the challenges of assuming national leadership.
From a pacifist family, I start with no particular enthusiasm for Admirals. Philip was nonetheless striking not for his knowledge of naval weaponry, although he was an expert, but for the way the human dimension of every situation was what caught his attention first. He lived out his words by finding ways of relating warmly to every one of our diverse group. If we have to have a Navy, let people like him lead it. I was not surprised to read recently that he is now Sir Philip KCB and First Sea Lord.
I wonder what is was about the youthful Joseph that so impressed Potiphar. Clearly he could do his job, but maybe he did it with unusual humanity. The way he later treated his family in Egypt suggests he had learnt something from his earlier selfish arrogance. In every context, we need leaders who do more than just the job.
And Joseph was actually No.2. It was still Potiphar’s household. A former President of the Methodist Conference, Leslie Griffiths, likes to say “It is always the No.2s who do the work.” Not quite true, but often those just behind the prominent leader carry as large a workload for less visible reward. Those with fast-moving careers often see their debt to the calm, competent No.2s who have supported them at each stage.
I pray for those who are called to lead
and for those who stand
just behind them.
I pray especially for such people
that I will meet today at work
or this weekend at church.
When I am leading,
help me to notice those on whom I rely.
When I am in support,
make me generous and gracious
even when my efforts are taken for granted.
Whatever my role,
give me the insight and energy
to include the human dimension.
Let me see each individual
as made in your image.
Genesis 37: 29-36When Reuben returned to the pit and saw that Joseph was not in the pit, he tore his clothes. He returned to his brothers, and said, “The boy is gone; and I, where can I turn?” Then they took Joseph’s robe, slaughtered a goat, and dipped the robe in the blood. They had the long robe with sleeves taken to their father, and they said, “This we have found; see now whether it is your son’s robe or not.” He recognized it, and said, “It is my son’s robe! A wild animal has devoured him; Joseph is without doubt torn to pieces.” Then Jacob tore his garments, and put sackcloth on his loins, and mourned for his son many days. All his sons and all his daughters sought to comfort him; but he refused to be comforted, and said, “No, I shall go down to Sheol to my son, mourning.” Thus his father bewailed him. Meanwhile the Midianites had sold him in Egypt to Potiphar, one of Pharaoh’s officials, the captain of the guard. Reflection I love Genesis it’s all in there! The whole of human life! We think we invented anaesthetic, operations and cloning but the ideas are there in Genesis at the beginning of all time. Along with: murder, drunkenness, incest, lust, lies and surrogacy, all of human life unfolding. There isn’t anything we read in our papers or see on TV that isn’t in Genesis and while this sounds cynical it isn’t meant to be. It’s not about picking over the bones of the ancestors it simply makes the point that when God made us and gave us free will, we see in Genesis just what humans are capable of.
Human stories; picture Rebekah sliding off her camel to meet Isaac in the fields and the love at first sight this text implies. More family squabbles between her sons Esau and Jacob and what about Jacob? At least thirteen children with four different ladies, bet there were fun times in their tents! And it’s through Jacob and his favourite wife Rachel we have Joseph and the passage above and what does that tell us about human nature?
Sibling rivalry! Poor old Reuben, the others wanted to kill Joseph, Reuben wanted to save him. Reuben probably had no part in the original plan to kill Joseph because he went back to the brothers to tell them Joseph had gone. The next thing that happens is that they (and I wonder if Reuben is now part of the ‘they’ – until now this is very much about Reuben and them) kill a goat and dip Joseph’s robe in the blood and have it sent to Jacob. Then Jacob mourns for several days and all his sons (and all his daughters try to comfort him.) What hypocrisy!
so much the scriptures tell us and show us,
not least what we are capable of.
So many questions they raise –
why we do the things we do?
And as we question and wonder,
Lord, we come to you in prayer,
realising that to try and understand
all the things that scripture unfolds is impossible.
But we recognize that we are indeed wonderfully made
with all our emotions and we give you thanks
for creating each one of us
unique and special and for loving us
not just in spite of what we are but because of who we are.
Thank you Lord, Amen
Genesis 37: 12-28Now his brothers went to pasture their father’s flock near Shechem. And Israel said to Joseph, ‘Are not your brothers pasturing the flock at Shechem? Come, I will send you to them.’ He answered, ‘Here I am.’ So he said to him, ‘Go now, see if it is well with your brothers and with the flock; and bring word back to me.’ So he sent him from the valley of Hebron.
He came to Shechem, and a man found him wandering in the fields; the man asked him, ‘What are you seeking?’ ‘I am seeking my brothers,’ he said; ‘tell me, please, where they are pasturing the flock.’ The man said, ‘They have gone away, for I heard them say, “Let us go to Dothan.” ’ So Joseph went after his brothers, and found them at Dothan. They saw him from a distance, and before he came near to them, they conspired to kill him. They said to one another, ‘Here comes this dreamer. Come now, let us kill him and throw him into one of the pits; then we shall say that a wild animal has devoured him, and we shall see what will become of his dreams.’ But when Reuben heard it, he delivered him out of their hands, saying, ‘Let us not take his life.’ Reuben said to them, ‘Shed no blood; throw him into this pit here in the wilderness, but lay no hand on him’—that he might rescue him out of their hand and restore him to his father.So when Joseph came to his brothers, they stripped him of his robe, the long robe with sleeves that he wore; and they took him and threw him into a pit. The pit was empty; there was no water in it.
Then they sat down to eat; and looking up they saw a caravan of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead, with their camels carrying gum, balm, and resin, on their way to carry it down to Egypt. Then Judah said to his brothers, ‘What profit is there if we kill our brother and conceal his blood?Come, let us sell him to the Ishmaelites, and not lay our hands on him, for he is our brother, our own flesh.’ And his brothers agreed. When some Midianite traders passed by, they drew Joseph up, lifting him out of the pit, and sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver. And they took Joseph to Egypt. Reflection Joseph is trafficked. Like countless individuals though history, and more than ever in our own time, he is going to find himself stripped of clothing, possessions and identity. And it’s all such a contrast with his dreams of a future that was going to be so much brighter and more assured than any of his brothers back home. Where did it all go wrong?
The young girl today who ends up in the massage parlour or the nail bar may discover too late that her family were naive, and too trusting of the smooth talking agents who promised her that wonderful job in the West. But Joseph has to live with the pain that those closest to him have betrayed him deliberately; and if he has overheard their conspiratorial conversations, he realises how half-hearted even Reuben and Judah have been in trying to defend him. To them too, he is just “this dreamer”.
But we probably miss the force of that word. Joseph is not what we would call a daydreamer. His dreams are not at all like the childish ambitions for fame and celebrity, or even those more specific longings for a new life in a better place, that lie behind many journeys today. Rather, Joseph’s dreams relate to the hidden purposes of the God who is hardly mentioned in these chapters, but who is the inspiration of the prophets who speak out in his name, and who prove themselves ready even to risk their lives as they cry out for justice, and an end to slavery and oppression in every age.
Dare we dream of, and then work for, a time when people are trafficked no more? “I have a dream” could still be a powerful cry.
Be close to all who journey
along ways that they have not chosen.
Protect all who are victims
of trafficking, exploitation and greed.
Strengthen all who call for
and work for their freedom
that we may all journey with you
in your ways of justice and mercy
and peace. Amen
Genesis 37: 5-11Once Joseph had a dream, and when he told it to his brothers, they hated him even more. He said to them, ‘Listen to this dream that I dreamed. There we were, binding sheaves in the field. Suddenly my sheaf rose and stood upright; then your sheaves gathered around it, and bowed down to my sheaf.’ His brothers said to him, ‘Are you indeed to reign over us? Are you indeed to have dominion over us?’ So they hated him even more because of his dreams and his words. He had another dream, and told it to his brothers, saying, ‘Look, I have had another dream: the sun, the moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me.’ But when he told it to his father and to his brothers, his father rebuked him, and said to him, ‘What kind of dream is this that you have had? Shall we indeed come, I and your mother and your brothers, and bow to the ground before you?’ So his brothers were jealous of him, but his father kept the matter in mind. Reflection Some of us cannot hear this story without Amazing Technicolour Dreamcoat humming away in the background, and maybe the words, “any dream will do” penned by Tim Rice. But that just doesn’t make sense – any dream won’t do! Of the dreams I do remember, most are rubbish, and far too many are more nightmare than dream! So, it must be wonderful to have a God-given dream, that is actually a prophetic word – just like Joseph had. Here is a dream that “will do” for surely everyone will rejoice at Joseph being chosen as God’s messenger. Not exactly! The meaning was so clear, it hardly needed interpretation, for the family would be humiliated to have to bow down before their younger brother. They wouldn’t hear this as a Word from God, and as for coming true – they would make sure it didn’t!
Spiritual gifts, like dreams from God are awesome, giving life, healing, hope and restoration, re-assuring people of God’s love. It is because they are so transformative, so powerful, that they can also be so dangerous, and destructive. Like a box of matches that gives light and warmth, in the wrong hands can burn down a whole forest. That is why Scripture is so clear that all spiritual gifts are precious and need careful handling, to be tested, and shared in the Spirit of Christ, with humility and service. The story shows what happens when handled badly, and with the wrong attitude.
Already Joseph was on a pedestal, spoilt by his father. If only he had someone he could trust - sadly maybe his mother Rachel, who had died. Do you have someone to confide in, share your vulnerability, even to test out what God may be saying in your life? Seek God’s spiritual gifts, but may your motivation be Christ’s love, and may you be surrounded by Christ’s fellow travellers. Then, close your eyes and draw back the curtain…
PrayerGive me the confidence
to be open to receive spiritual gifts
to heal, help, reconcile and restore.
Give me the courage
to use your gifts
and the wisdom to use them well.
Give me discipline
to accept the testing of these gifts
by Christians we trust in counsel and councils.
Give me a servant-heart
to let these gifts be shared
freely and generously.
Give me humility
to welcome and receive the gifts of others.
Give me the dreams
that are full of your life-giving Spirit.
Genesis 37: 1-4Jacob lived in the land where his father had stayed, the land of Canaan. This is the account of Jacob’s family line.
Joseph, a young man of seventeen, was tending the flocks with his brothers, the sons of Bilhah and the sons of Zilpah, his father’s wives, and he brought their father a bad report about them. Now Israel loved Joseph more than any of his other sons, because he had been born to him in his old age; and he made an ornate robe for him. When his brothers saw that their father loved him more than any of them, they hated him and could not speak a kind word to him. Reflection Today we start the Joseph narrative, given in the last 14 chapters of Genesis. Unlike the stories of Abraham and Jacob, this narrative is not made up of a collection of independent and disjointed memories but is a ‘sustained and artistically crafted statement of considerable literary finesse’ (to quote Walter Brueggemann).
The person of Joseph and the narrative about Joseph is the means by which an important theological statement is offered to Israel, as well as being a linkage between the nomadic period in Canaan and the Exodus account of oppression and liberation. Through hints and implications, the narrative tells us of the providential ways of God: God’s way will triumph with or without the contributions of any human actor, including Joseph. It is a highly moral tale of the innocent victim of jealousy and ill-will, who turns the tables on his persecutors and returns good for evil. Because of this, some have said that Joseph is suggestive of Jesus, a typological precursor.
In the first few verses we see the innocence of Joseph somewhat clouded by him behaving as if he were a cut above his brothers; like the spoilt darling of Jacob, and is further exacerbated by him telling tales on them. Despite this unpromising beginning to the narrative, Joseph is portrayed as a man of integrity who is happy to serve all. The more we read of Joseph the more we see Jesus reflected in him.
at times you remain hidden to us.
But, like Joseph,
we can see you at work when we look back.
I pray that you will give us
the confidence in all aspects of our lives,
at all times,
to live in the deep knowledge
that you can and will
use even us to fulfil your will.
Psalm 431 Come! Vindicate me, O my God!
Against this nation plead my cause!
Deliver me from wicked foes
And hypocrites who break your laws.
2 You are my stronghold and my God;
Why then have you rejected me?
Why must I go about in grief,
Downtrodden by the enemy?
3 O send your light forth and your truth!
Let them direct me in your grace
And bring me to your holy hill,
Into your sacred dwelling-place.
4 Then to God’s altar I will go,
To God, my joy and my delight,
And I will praise you with the harp.
O God, you are my God of might.
5 Why are you downcast, O my soul?
Why are you so disturbed in me?
Trust God, for I will praise him yet
My Saviour and my God is he.
You can hear a Free Church of Scotland congregation sing this to the lovely tune Old Clarendonian here Reflection The writer, possibly a Temple Priest in exile, is expressing the feeling of being torn away from their previous close and intimate relationship with God.
So often, as the swirl of busyness and the turmoil of daily living surrounds and oppresses us, we can feel like a barrier has come between us and God. We can mourn that closeness and sometimes we just long, desperately long, for the smallest glimmer of light in the gloom that surrounds us.
Knowing that we feel like this sometimes, other people might also be struggling in their relationships with God? Maybe in how we live out and express our faith, God might be using us to be the light that others need?
The Psalmist concludes this lament with the realisation that despite the darkness they were experiencing, their hope in God is still burning. A hope which can’t be snuffed-out despite the sorrow, separation and suppression. It is my prayer that no matter what storms we face, the lights of God’s hope which burn within every one of us will never be extinguished.
PrayerWhen we feel isolated from you,
remind us of your embracing love,
When we can’t move out of our places of pain,
encourage us to begin to walk with you,
When we feel oppressed and overwhelmed,
sit with us in our turmoil.
Help us to see your hope
that continues to burn within us,
even when we don’t realise.
God of hope, as we praise you,
help us to see
when we can offer your light into the darkness.
We praise you.
Our help and our God.
St John 20:16Jesus said to her, “Mary!” She turned and said to him in Hebrew,“Rabbouni!” (which means Teacher). Reflection
Titles of Jesus - Rabbi
First century rabbis were similar, they had followers, and the followers often wanted to be so close to the rabbi so that the dust from the rabbi’s feet would cover them. Rabbi’s were often followed by the brightest and best of the local villages. Jesus model was different, he chose the ordinary to be his followers and as we see in Mary’s response, she was part of that following.
Jesus is still our greatest role model for life, so we need to be close to him, our rabbi, to benefit from his teaching, care, challenge and encouragement. We do this through regular prayer, Bible study, time spent with him and living out of his values in the world. We also need people around us who inspire us in our faith and life. We should also take notice of those that may be looking to us as their rabbi. So the questions I put for reflection today are, “Who are our rabbis?” and “Who are we rabbis to?”
We pray today
for those who have the responsibility
of modelling their lives to others,
give them wisdom and grace
and help them to be good rabbis.
For ourselves we ask,
that you teach us your ways
of truth, love and grace
that we might live them out in your world,
so that others might choose to follow you as their rabbi.
To your praise and glory, and in your name, we ask.
St Matthew 2: 1-2 & 27:37In the time of King Herod, after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, wise men from the East came to Jerusalem, asking, ‘Where is the child who has been born king of the Jews? For we observed his star at its rising and have come to pay him homage.’ ….
Over his head they put the charge against him, which read, ‘This is Jesus, the King of the Jews.’ Reflection
Titles of Jesus - King of the Jews
At the end of his life the Roman execution squad mocked Jesus, “Hail, King of the Jews” using the form (but not the content) of the salutation of the Emperor; Pilate arranged that Jesus died with the label, “King of the Jews.” This was in fact the charge on which he was condemned, implying treason against the Emperor.
The description given to him as an infant by foreigners, and the title used by foreigners in mockery as they condemned and killed him: King of the Jews. But as the prologue to John’s Gospel puts it, “He came to what was his own, and his own people did not accept him.” Whatever the Magi really expected, whatever Pilate and his soldiers really meant, it was they and not his own people who hailed Jesus as King.
In so many ways this was a feature of his ministry; Jesus was recognised and accepted by those whom the respectable establishment despised and rejected – women, foreigners, the sick and those whose work rendered them unclean.
How hard it is for us, with our churches perceived as part of respectable society, to make Jesus known to the kind of people who responded to him so positively during his earthly ministry. So many in Britain are fascinated by our royal family but are less interested in the true King. As we seek to proclaim Jesus as the Saviour of all, may more and more accept his sovereignty in our lives.
PrayerJesus, our true King,
may we accept you
as the sovereign power for our lives;
May our lives show
your power working in and through us;
May our work, witness and worship
lead others to turn to you
as their Saviour and King.
St John 8:12Jesus said: “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.” Reflection
Titles of Jesus - LIght of the World
What can one say about such a statement which is so fundamental to our faith? Jesus spoke often about the light but here He very definitely states that HE is the light and if we walk with Him we shall never walk in darkness. How wonderful it would be if we could actually live like this, never going through experiences which perhaps we would call dark.
The wonder of our faith, and trust in Jesus, is of course the fact that despite/in spite of such experiences which life forces upon us we can still live in the light, because our Saviour is that light. What comfort there is to be found in Scripture as we read that we can walk in the light, and are encouraged to do so, rather than clinging to the works of darkness, as was our former life before we walked in the light of Jesus.
Jesus Himself boldly says that those who walk in the dark don’t know where they are going (John 12:34), a fact that seems so clear in its meaning, but can be something which we might not always have lived true to.
With such assurance, with such positivity how can we but feel challenged by the words which our Saviour said about us being the light of the world? Living in the light, in the reflection of His light, day by day is wonderful but it also places upon us the responsibility of not marring that light by the way in which we live. Let us walk in His light and enjoy the sunshine He alone can bring us!
PrayerLord of all light,
with whom there is no darkness.
Help us to walk in the light
as your nature is the light.
May we not cling
to the works of darkness,
but instead become cleaner,
clearer windows through which your Light
may beam forth from
our yielded, committed lives,
to you who is the one true Light of the World.
Through Him who said,
Let there be light,
and to this day floods our lives
with His light and love.
Romans 5:18-21Therefore, just as one man's trespass led to condemnation for all, so one man's act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all. For just as by the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man's obedience the many will be made righteous. But law came in, with the result that the trespass multiplied; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more, so that, just as sin exercised dominion in death, so grace might also exercise dominion through justification leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. Reflection Jesus was the second Adam as, like the first Adam He entered the world free from sin. Jesus was the New Adam as, unlike the first He did not let temptation lead Him into sin, but remained sinless throughout His life.
Adam sinned against God and all his descendants are tainted by that disobedience and yet can find justification, not through any act of their own, but by the selfless obedience of Jesus who allows us to be justified by faith in Him.
It is interesting to consider what Paul could have meant by “justification.” Paul was familiar with Jewish law and court system. Unlike courts today there was no prosecutor or defence lawyer. The accuser and defendant both gave their statements to a judge who would then decide who was right and that person would be justified. If the defendant was justified it was like an acquittal in modern law.
Paul writes to the Galatians (2:16) “yet we know that a person is justified not by the works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ. And we have come to believe in Christ Jesus, so that we might be justified by faith in Christ.”
It is good to know that we are not justified by some legal loophole that lets a guilty person go free but we are truly justified and correctly free to worship God without our past sinful nature coming between us and God. We are not simply changed we are renewed; 2 Corinthians 5:17 “So if anyone is in Christ, there is a new creation: everything old has passed away; see, everything has become new!”
We may sometimes feel worthless or helpless but we should always remember that we have been changed by Jesus, not by any act that we have done but by His selfless sacrifice on the cross. We are not merely forgiven but we are transformed into something different by our acceptance of Him and His death.
I thank you for the transforming
and renewing power of your son Jesus.
I pray that I will live my life in a fresh
and new way that honours you
and shows that I have been justified
and renewed by Jesus.
I pray that I will enjoy the life
that you have given me
through Jesus your Son. Amen
St John 1: 29The next day he saw Jesus coming towards him and declared, ‘Here is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! Reflection I learnt this title of Jesus very early on in my life as a Christian - probably before I associated it with this Scriptural passage. As an altar server I’d not only hear the phrase “Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world, have mercy on us” at every Sunday mass I attended but also at the weekday masses where I’d serve during the school holidays. The liturgical sequence, is used in many churches before the distribution of Holy Communion. We have it in Rejoice and Sing at 14, 15 and 16 and it’s in the Church of Scotland’s Church Hymnary 4 at 653. For me, therefore, it’s a title I associate with the reception of Holy Communion.
The editor of John’s Gospel probably associated the title with Jesus’ sacrificial death. Mute as lamb before its shearers Jesus didn’t argue with Pilate, or Herod, and accepted all that was to follow. Calvin argued that before all eternity Jesus chose to offer himself for our sins and so this title has something to do with his death on the Cross.
In Revelation, however, there are 29 references to a Lion like Lamb that is slain but stands. The writer here clearly is associating the Lamb with the resurrected Christ.
So this title has layers of meaning - Jesus who accepted his unjust trial, torture and death knowing that in doing so he broke the power of evil; the risen Christ who defeated death and sin; the Christ who gathers us to himself in bread and wine when we share in Communion together.
PrayerLamb of God,
you take away the sin of the world,
have mercy on us.
Lamb of God,
you take away the sin of the world,
have mercy on us.
Lamb of God,
you take away the sin of the world,
grant us peace.
St Matthew 15:22Just then, a Canaanite woman from that region came out and started shouting: “Have mercy, Lord, Son of David, my daughter is tormented by a demon”. Reflection
Titles of Jesus - Son of David
Jesus never sought titles. Perhaps his own name “Jesus” was enough. He was a rescuer, a restorer, a releaser. Once you have a title you are pigeon-holed, boxed, imprisoned. Simply to be identified as a child of God is the highest of all callings. When it came to titles,it was other people who seemed to want to shower them on Jesus. They even put titles over his cross.
Luke and Matthew, in their birth stories, made sure the world knew that Jesus was from David’s royal line. The birth narratives centred on Bethlehem, David’s home. When Jesus entered Jerusalem for the last time he was greeted as a royal visitor with palms and hosannas. How the Jewish people longed for a king. It had been a thousand years.
When a Canaanite woman plucked up the courage to bring her heartfelt need to Jesus, she attracted his attention by shouting out the title “Son of David”. The disciples wanted to turn her away. Jesus said “No”. Then the fun began. Unafraid, she took him on in conversation. Jesus was impressed. This Son of David was not remote. Like the shepherd king of history, he valued every sheep in the flock.
David means “beloved”. No better pedigree. We are all children of a loving God, and if loved, then sharers of that love in our day, our time, our place.
our demented world
cries out for your love and peace,
enable us to respond warmly
to cries for help;
may we grow more loving
because we have engaged with others,
be they friends or strangers;
and may Jesus’ humility
and openness be our guide every day.
The Joseph Saga
Dear <<First Name>>
I hope you found the recent series on the Titles of Jesus interesting and helpful in your daily journey of discipleship.
Our next series looks at the story of Joseph which has all the makings of a good saga! We read of jealousy, human trafficking, sexual intrigue and false accusations, the rise to great powers and the horrendous results of famine as well as migration. Between tomorrow and mid May we will be immersed in this story with breaks on Sundays for the Psalms.
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Coordinator, Daily Devotions from the URC Project
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Psalm 421 As pants the deer for flowing streams,
So longs my soul, O God, for you.
2 I thirst for God, the living God;
When can I meet with God anew?
3 My tears have been my constant food
Both in the night and in the day,
While all day long insistently,
“Where is this God of yours?” they say.
4 As I pour out my soul in grief,
These things I do remember still:
How with the multitude I went
Up to God’s house on Zion hill.
In their procession I would lead
As we approached with cheerful song
And shouts of joy and thankfulness,
Rejoicing with the festive throng.
5 Why are you downcast, O my soul?
Why are you so disturbed in me?
Trust God, for I will praise him yet;
My Saviour and my God is he.
6 My soul within me is depressed;
I therefore will recall you still
From Jordan’s land, from Hermon’s heights
And from the top of Mizar hill.
7 Deep calls to deep, as with a roar
Your waterfalls cascading roll.
Your waves and breakers fall on me;
They overwhelm my very soul.
8 By day the LORD directs his love;
His song remains with me at night—
A prayer to him who is my God,
My only source of life and light.
9 This I will say to God my Rock,
“Why have you so forgotten me?
Why must I go about in grief,
Downtrodden by the enemy?”
10 My bones in mortal agony
Are groaning, while my en’mies say,
“Wherever is this God of yours?”
They scoff at me throughout the day.
11 Why are you downcast, O my soul?
Why are you so disturbed in me?
Trust God, for I will praise him yet;
My Saviour and my God is he.
The tune Finnart is suggested for this Psalm - you can hear a Free Church of Scotland congregation sing it here.
In truth, feeling ‘low’ is an understatement for more and more people. Stress, depression and mental torment are significant and life-shaping for many. Experts think this may be accounted for by a greater willingness to speak of mental ill-health, by the world feeling more bewildering and tense, and by the far-reaching effects of this decade’s financial austerity.
Today’s Psalm feels so appropriate, for it finds the Psalmist at a pretty low ebb. She feels far from God: she yearns, she longs, she thirsts. She is so depressed that she’s unable to speak to God; the question, ‘how long will this go on?’ is asked ‘of no-one in particular and of anyone willing to listen’, as Patrick Woodhouse puts it. Somehow, though, crying out in that way seems helpful. Just acknowledging the hell she is in sparks some memories – ancient encounters with God found in the history books, anecdotes of God’s light dispelling her own previous shadowlands. Those reminiscences nudge her thoughts toward God’s loving kindness. ‘Yes’, she seems to say, ‘there was a time when God was my Rock.’ Then, the black dog re-appears. ‘Why are you so full of heaviness, O my soul?’ Yet the memories are enough to prompt the realisation that trusting in God might be hard but it’s her best hope.
If depression is part of life for us, or of the lives of our intimates, it may be we specially appreciate this Psalm. Could it be that it liberates us from the crippling fear that faith and depression must never dialogue with each other? Psalm 42 models for us an honest conversation, where telling it like it is – even if seemingly into thin air – begins to quench our thirsting for the living God.
Woodhouse suggests verse 9 has special power. ‘Deep speaks to deep’ intimates an enticing prospect that when we are at our lowest, we may be more open to the one who is the ground of our being. As Paul writes to the Corinthians, ‘when I am weak then I am strong.’ Is it that when we are at our worst, we have no defences left to erect between ourselves and God, and thus can gradually come to know again God’s reliably resurrected love, so broad and long, so high and deep?
Our generation’s readiness to be real about mental health lends to Psalm 42 a new power to speak to us and for us. May that auger well for the equilibrium of society and the resilience of our faith.
PrayerWhy are you cast down, O my soul,
and why are you disquieted within me?
Hope in God; for I shall again praise God,
my help and my God.
Revelation 1: 12-13Then I turned to see whose voice it was that spoke to me, and on turning I saw seven golden lampstands, and in the midst of the lampstands I saw one like the Son of Man, clothed with a long robe and with a golden sash across his chest. Reflection
Titles of Jesus - Son of Man
Sometimes the small words matter in how we understand a section of scripture. Some translations of Revelation 1.13 refer to ‘one like a Son of Man’, while others say ‘one like THE Son of Man.’ This small change makes a surprising difference, and takes us to the heart of what this curious phrase means.
It first appears in the Hebrew Scriptures. In Ezekiel, the titular prophet is addressed by God as ‘Son of man’, which could alternatively be translated as ‘human’ - making a distinction between God and humanity. Then in the book of Daniel there’s an apocalyptic vision of ‘one like a son of man coming with the clouds of heaven.’
Then things are different in the New Testament. The phrase has acquired a definite article - ‘the Son of Man’ - and is mainly used by Jesus to refer to himself. Is this telling us that Jesus is human, or that he is the Messiah? Somehow, used in a slightly different way, the same short phrase can mean both of these things – reminding of the paradox of Jesus being the Word made flesh.
In T.S. Eliot’s long and sometimes perplexing poem there’s a reference back to Ezekiel. A narrator addresses an unknown character as ‘Son of man’, and says they cannot answer a question because they ‘know only a heap of broken images’. Sometimes when we struggle with the Bible this is how we might feel; we only have a heap of images that we can’t fit together. Yet scripture gives us the language to begin to talk about God, however imperfectly. God can even speak to us in the gap between ‘a’ and ‘the’, and in one short phrase we see the two natures of Jesus brought together.
we praise you as ‘a son of man’,
a human being who lived with us
and shared our sorrows and our joys.
Yet we praise you too as ‘the son of man’,
our redeemer who died and rose again for us,
the son of God, the light of the world,
and we ask for that light to guide us
when it seems we see only broken images.
St Mark 1:11“And a voice came from heaven, “You are my Son, the Beloved; with you I am well pleased”. Reflection
Titles of Jesus - Son of God
Mark wants us to know very clearly, and immediately, why he is writing his Gospel which begins with a declaration that Jesus is the Son of God and, within a few lines, recounts Jesus’ baptism. The stories in Matthew and Luke are almost identical.
The question of Jesus’ identity has always been paramount, because from it flows the authority to say and do what he did. Mark explores Jesus’ authority, as well, in chapter 1, and this is no coincidence.
This declaration is political dynamite. It was a threat to Rome; only Caesar was declared “ Son of God’ and a threat to the political truce between Jewish religious authorities and Rome. Some have written that this was probably not the theological threat to Judaism many have supposed. The idea that the threat is mainly political carries merit even if, sometimes, the accusations against Jesus are dressed up in theological language. How often in church life we use “other issues” to act as the charger for what we really want to say?
How precious it is to us that God has, and does, walk amongst us; that God has lived our life and understands all we go through. How precious it is to us that a life lived Walking the Way that is Jesus, is never, ever a wasted life but the most fruitful and meaningful way to live, because Jesus is the Son of God.
What a difference God can make in our world through us as we walk alongside both those who don’t go to Church and those who do. Our confidence in Jesus can give us the confidence to hear God speaking to us through women at wells whose life styles don’t match our idea of “rightness” and through that preacher we don’t get on with but faithfully listen to.
That Jesus is the Son of God, declared by the Voice from Heaven, makes all the difference to the world, all is changed since that day.
PrayerJesus Son of God and Son of Mary,
enlighten my heart today,
enlighten your world today.
May we know the joy of walking with you
all the days of our lives.
As I plant my feet in your footsteps,
may I make a difference in the world for your sake.
St John 1: 1-18In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being through him, and without him not one thing came into being. What has come into being, in him was life, and the life was the light of all people. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not overcome it. There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. He came as a witness to testify to the light, so that all might believe through him. He himself was not the light, but he came to testify to the light. The true light, which enlightens everyone, was coming into the world. He was in the world, and the world came into being through him; yet the world did not know him. He came to what was his own, and his own people did not accept him. But to all who received him, who believed in his name, he gave power to become children of God, who were born, not of blood or of the will of the flesh or of the will of man, but of God. And the Word became flesh and lived among us, and we have seen his glory, the glory as of a father’s only son full of grace and truth. (John testified to him and cried out, “This was he of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me ranks ahead of me because he was before me.’”) From his fullness we have all received, grace upon grace. The law indeed was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. No one has ever seen God. It is God the only Son who is close to the Father’s heart, who has made him known. Reflection
With the Prologue as one partner in the dialogue, and the other the reader, we too can be drawn into the drama of God’s salvation. Of course not all may choose to be fully engaged, but those who are find how God chose to act in history.
The Prologue’s opening, then as now, strikes a chord of recognition: the beginning of Genesis - where God’s creative word (not a dialogue, but the means by which dialogue can grow) brings into being all that is. John’s use of ‘Logos’ (‘Word’) is a stroke of missionary genius for it is understood in the pervasive Greek culture and the Hebrew one, each with distinctive resonances. Communication established, John reveals that the Word he is speaking of is not an impersonal creative force, nor a principle of existence, but a flesh and blood person who embodies God. This human being, God’s gift to us, is graceful, the source of light, life and fulfilment to all who place their lives in his care. ‘The Father’s only Son’ - this is who incarnate Word is. Later on in John chapter 1 we learn his personal name.
Writing some 60 years after Christ’s resurrection, John was acutely aware of the rejection Jesus suffered. But some did accept and believe in him, meriting the description ‘children of God’. We are ever in their debt.
Our work is to communicate through words and actions what is readily understood about our faith. Those who are open to dialogue will respond. The work of God in them, and us, has started.
PrayerO Gracious God
let the wonder of your love
come afresh to us.
Open up our closed
and selfish lives
to the light and life
you offer us
through Jesus Christ.
May your Spirit so work in us
that we too may incarnate
your gospel. Amen
Romans 10: 9-13Because if you confess with your lips that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. For one believes with the heart and so is justified, and one confesses with the mouth and so is saved. The scripture says, ‘No one who believes in him will be put to shame.’ For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; the same Lord is Lord of all and is generous to all who call on him. For, ‘Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.’ Reflection
Titles of Jesus - Lord
I grew up with the word Lord being commonly used as a means of addressing God. One day I heard a radical Methodist minister say that he thought Lord was an inappropriate way to address God, because lords and ladies were an old fashioned thing we would be better off without, and they didn’t connect with ordinary people. One might also observe that Lord is another male noun used to address God, of which there is no shortage. Yet, despite all of that, Lord is a term used over 700 times in the New Testament, and came so naturally to the apostles, as it tripped off their tongues throughout the record of their Acts. So, despite its acknowledged shortcomings, I still feel there’s a place for addressing Jesus as “Lord”.
PrayerLord Jesus Christ, have mercy on me, a sinner
Lord Jesus Christ, have mercy on me, a sinner
Lord Jesus Christ, have mercy on me, a sinner
…and repeat as often as you dare…
St Mark 8: 27 - 33Jesus went on with his disciples to the villages of Caesarea Philippi; and on the way he asked his disciples, ‘Who do people say that I am?’ And they answered him, ‘John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; and still others, one of the prophets.’ He asked them, ‘But who do you say that I am?’ Peter answered him, ‘You are the Messiah.’ And he sternly ordered them not to tell anyone about him. Then he began to teach them that the Son of Man must undergo great suffering, and be rejected by the elders, the chief priests, and the scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again. He said all this quite openly. And Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him. But turning and looking at his disciples, he rebuked Peter and said, ‘Get behind me, Satan! For you are setting your mind not on divine things but on human things.’ Reflection We lose some of the radicalness of the Jewish title Messiah. It means, as the Greek translation Christ means, “anointed one.” By the time of the New Testament Jewish people believed the Messiah would be a political leader who would end the Roman occupation. The Temple authorities were always on the lookout for anyone who was named, or claimed to be, Messiah - after all revolutions lead to repression and the political space carved out by the leaders would have been quickly ended. No wonder Jesus tells Peter, and the others, “sternly” not to tell others.
Interestingly, Peter understands the implication of the title - but Jesus seems to reject that understanding. Jesus warns that he must suffer and die - and rise again. Clearly Peter missed the rising again bit. What use is a Messiah who dies? Peter tries to set Jesus straight and gets called Satan for his pains - remember from our series on Job Satan is envisioned as as a tempter. Jesus sees Peter’s attempt to get him to see sense as tempting.
Much as I warm to the idea of religious leaders overthrowing corrupt dictators I am reminded of the words of Paul VI who struggled with the part that political liberation - as Peter thought the Messiah would lead - with the task of evangelism: ...the Church has the firm conviction that all temporal liberation, all political liberation- even if it endeavours to find its justification in such or such a page of the Old or New Testament...even if it pretends to be today's theology- carries within itself the germ of its own negation and fails to reach the ideal that it proposes for itself whenever its profound motives are not those of justice in charity, whenever its zeal lacks a truly spiritual dimension and whenever its final goal is not salvation and happiness in God.*
Liberation will only come through Jesus, our Messiah, the one who doesn’t self destruct unlike all our human ideologies.
* Paul VI Evangelii Nuntiandi (Evangelism in the Modern World) n35 8th December 1975
help me to struggle to against injustice,
to put a spoke in the wheel of those
great machines of evil,
but to remember,
in doing so,
to keep close to you,
that I don’t rely on my own strength,
ideas or politics,